THE LIFE OF EUGÈNE ATGETAtget is among the most important figures in photography, internationally, and is regarded as the originator of documentary photography. He appears in every history of photography. His work inspired countless other great photographers and visual artists, including Walker Evans, Cartier-Bresson and Man Ray.
Born in 1857, in Libourne near Bordeaux and raised by his uncle, Atget’s youth was molded by his time as a sailor. Upon his return from the sea, Atget turned to the stage and pursued an acting career in provincial cities and later in Paris suburbs. After minor success as an actor, Atget abandoned the stage and at the age of forty took up painting, then quickly turned to his true life’s work as a photographer. For the next thirty years, until just a few short months before his death in 1927, Atget undertook a systematic documentation of the city of Paris, creating approximately five thousand negatives and nearly ten thousand prints.
Because he refused to work with the latest advances in photographic technology, Atget’s images evoke a sense of timelessness, due in part to the slower exposure times and the pre-visualization of the final image that was required. Atget produced glass plate negatives, using an 18 x 24 cm. view camera that was fitted with a brass rectilinear lens and had no shutter. Rather, Atget would simply remove the cap from the lens and capture the scene before him, allowing any motion to appear as a blur. Atget carried this large camera around Paris as he worked to document its essential elements: streets, shop windows, building facades, architectural details, and the landscape of the public gardens and parks in and around the city.
Atget’s unique documentation of the French capital captured the eye of surrealist photographer Man Ray who worked to promote Atget as one of the pre-eminent photographic modernists. Later, the efforts of Berenice Abbott, who acquired Atget’s negatives and prints after his death, finally situated Atget’s work in the history of photography where it continues to gain in stature and influence.
Travel: Envisioning Atget's Paris - nytimes.com/video from The New York Times on Vimeo.
ATGET & ABBOTTEugène Atget and the American photographer Berenice Abbott came to know each other during the 1920s via Man Ray. She attempted to help Atget achieve greater recognition during his lifetime by sending friends to purchase his work and by making a celebrity-style photographic portrait of him. After Atget's death in 1927, Abbott acquired a large part of his archive and exhibited, printed and wrote about his work. She arranged for New York's Museum of Modern Art to buy this archive. In the 1920s/1930s she photographed New York in the same style as Atget photographed Paris. This documentary New York en Parijs – Door de lens van Abbott & Atget tells their story. (most in English).
& watch the documentary here
Atget, archeoloog van verdwijnend Parijs
Foto-onderschrift: 'Rue Asseline, 1924-1925'