donderdag 8 november 2018

The Truth About the Beijing Turmoil = 北京風波紀實 The Chinese Photobook Curated by Martin Parr and WassinkLundgren Photography

Schrijver:Qin Han (Editor)
Titel:The Truth About the Beijing Turmoil 北京風波紀實
Uitgever:Beijing Publishing House; 1st edition (1989) 7200009261 9787200009262
Bijzonderheden:paperback met flappen, 93pp afb. in kleur en zw/wit, English, Mandarin Chinese
Meer info:uniek verslag
Part of The Protest Photobook 1956 – 2013 (Curated by Martin Parr with texts by Gerry Badger).

"In 1989 when spring was passing to summer, a shocking turmoil happened in Beijing, which has attracted the close attention of people at home and abroad; Influenced by foreign media, people have many questions, guesses and misunderstandings. What really happened in China? What is the situation now like in Beijing? This album, with its abundant pictures, will help our readers understand the whole story of and truth about the turmoil and the present situation in Beijing.
At 1:30 a.m. on June 4, the Beijing municipal government and the martial law headquarters issued an emergency notice asking all students and other citizens to leave Tiananmen Square. The notice was broadcast repeatedly for well over three hours over loudspeakers. The students on Tiananmen Square, after discussion among themselves, sent representatives to the troops to express their willingness to withdraw from the square and this was approved by the troops. Then at about 5 a.m., several thousand students left the square in an orderly manner through a wide corridor in the southeastern part of the square vacated by the troops, carrying their own banners and streamers. Those who refused to leave were Forced to leave by the soldiers. By 5:30 a.m., the clearing operation of the square had been completed.
During the whole operation not a single person was killed. The allegations that "Tiananmen Square was plunged into a bloodbath" and "thousands of people were killed in the square" are sheer rumours, and the true state of affairs will eventually be clear to the public
We will continue to strive for the realization of the socialist modernization. We are fully confident of our future." (from the foreword)

Pages: 93
Place: Beijing
Year: 1989
Publisher: Beijing Publishing House, Beijing
Size: 21 x 29 cm (approx.)

The Chinese Photobook

PARR, MARTIN / WASSINK, LUNDGREN ISBN 10: 1597112283 / ISBN 13: 9781597112284

Publisher/Verlag: Thames & Hudson | From the 1900s to the Present | In the last decade there has been a major reappraisal of the role and status of the photobook within the history of photography. Newly revised histories of photography as recorded via the photobook have added enormously to our understanding of the mediums culture, particularly in places that are often marginalized, such as Latin America and Africa. However, until now, only a handful of Chinese books have made it onto historians short lists. Yet China has a fascinating history of photobook publishing, and The Chinese Photobook will reveal for the first time the richness and diversity of this heritage. This deluxe, lavishly produced volume is based on a collection compiled by Martin Parr and Beijing- and London-based Dutch photographer team WassinkLundgren. And while the collection was inspired initially by Parrs interest in propaganda books and in finding key works of socialist realist photography from the early days of the Communist Party and the Cultural Revolution era, the selection of books includes key volumes published as early as 1900, as well as contemporary volumes by emerging Chinese photographers. | Format: Hardback | Language/Sprache: english | 448 pp.

See also

Propaganda vs Protest Books Gerry Badger Photobook Phenomenon

TURMOIL IN CHINA; Legions of Soldiers Encircling Beijing: Loyalty to Whom?

About the Archive
This is a digitized version of an article from The Times’s print archive, before the start of online publication in 1996. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them.

The article as it originally appeared.
June 7, 1989, Page 00008
The New York Times Archives
Administration officials estimate that elements of 10 People's Liberation Army units, totaling 100,000 to 150,000 troops, have been deployed in and around Beijing.

But with the exception of three units, the officials are uncertain to whom the troops profess allegience.

Army groups identified in Beijing include the 27th Army, normally based at Shijiazhuang, southwest of Beijing. It is one of four armies assigned to the Beijing Military Region. The 15th Airborne Army, part of China's strategic reserves based in Wuhan in central China, is also in the capital. It and the 27th conducted the attack on the students on Sunday. Other Beijing region units around the city are the 28th, 38th, 63d and 65th Armies. The 38th refused to use force against the students when martial law was declared three weeks ago and is reported to be one of the units now in a stand-off with the 27th and the paratroopers who hold the city.

Units brought in from other of China's seven military regions are the 16th, 64th and 39th armies from Shenyang region in the northeast and the 12th from Nanjing. Army of 3 Divisions

A Chinese Army numbers from 40,000 to 46,000 and is usually made up of three infantry divisions plus artillery, armor and support units.

The American officials said the units had probably been moved to the capital from outlying provinces on orders of Deng Xiaoping, China's leader, and President Yang Shangkun. But the officials are certain that the shooting of the students over the weekend, upset many of the army's leaders and they said some of them may now be refusing to take orders from political leaders. A senior American official said today that Washington believed that the attack in Tiananmen Square was led by Yang Baibing, the head of the army's General Political Department. The official said Mr. Yang is a nephew of President Yang, not a brother as has sometimes been reported.

The official said the American Embassy in Beijing was unable to determine exactly what is happening, since diplomats could not move freely around the city.

One official said ''Our information is spotty, but we don't think the Chinese know what's going on either.'' Not Believed at Full Strength

With the exception of the 38th Army, stationed near Beijing, military experts doubt that the nine other units sent to Beijing are at full strength. ''China still has a primitive logistic and resupply system and they simply could not move or support so many full strength units without a severe dislocation of their system,'' one logistics specialist in the Pentagon said.

American officials refused to give precise locations of the units around Beijing, nor would they estimate the size or identify the accompanying equipment of specific units.

Chinese armies vary in size and equipment depending upon where they are stationed and at what stage they have reached in China's military modernization program. Units in the Beijing and Shenyang Military Regions, where most of the units sent to Beijing are stationed, are heavy in tanks and armored personnel carriers, because they guard the northern and western boders adjacent to the Soviet Union. The 12th army from Nanjing along the coast is more lightly armed.

Experts who have examined the photos of equipment used by the mechanized 27th Army said the unit must be one of China's elite because it was armed with China's most up-to-date tank, the T-69.

Administration officials refused to discuss what role China's nuclear arsenal would play if full-scale civil war broke out. China's Second Artillery Corps is said to control the nuclear missiles under the direct command of the Central Military Commission headed by Mr. Deng. But one expert said that intercontinental missiles would be of no use to Chinese forces fighting one another. He would neither not speculate on the existence or utility of Chinese short-range nuclear weapons.

Correction: June 9, 1989
Friday, Late Edition - Final Because of an editing error, a military analysis article on Wednesday about the Chinese Army described the relationship between a military official and China's President incorrectly in some copies. The official, Yang Baibing, head of the army's general political department, is a brother of President Yang Shangkun. Gen. Yang Jianhua, a nephew of the President, commands the 27th Army.

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