zondag 16 juli 2017


Arthur Mebius – Dear Sky / North Korean Aviation
Location: Bastion Oranje / Building G / Area 9

Arthur Mebius is playing on home turf here; he is based in Naarden. He is well known as an advertising photographer (for, among others, Volkswagen, KPN, Migros and bol.com), but also makes a lot of non-commercial work. He specializes in ‘one frame stories’, which show the past, the present and the future.

In Naarden one can see his series on Air Koryo, the national airline of North Korea. Due to international sanctions and environmental conditions, the only international destinations of the airline remaining are China and Vladivostok. The old Antonovs, Ilyushins and Tupolevs rarely fly abroad and therefore seem superfluous. However, these aircraft and their crews are ready for use. Arthur Mebius captures the routine work of the crew: a well-rehearsed performance of maintenance, checks and procedures. It’s a beautiful “ground control dance”, which exudes an image of dedication and pride.

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06.19.1708:00 AM

NORTH KOREA POSSESSES the technological wherewithal to develop a nuclear bomb, launch devastating cyberattacks, and even hurl rockets toward its enemies. Yet it can't manage to put together an airline that isn't heavily stocked with Cold War-era Russian airliners.

That said, the Air Koryo fleet is pretty cool in a retro kind of way, and a passionate band of aviation buffs happily spend their days taking joyrides. “They’re beautiful,” says Arthur Mebius. “These planes still have the original interiors they were delivered with.”

Air Koryo started ferrying people between Pyongyang and Moscow in 1950. After the fall of the Soviet Union, sanctions and lack of funds kept the the state-owned airline from buying more than a few new planes. Today its fleet of 15 aircraft includes the Ilyushin 62, Kim Jong Un's personal favorite. The EU banned the airline in 2006 amid safety and maintenance concerns, and flights to Bangok, Kuala Lumpur, and Kuwait City ended last year. But the airline still makes regular flights to China and Russia.

Most of the planes date to the 1960s (though a few planes, including a snazzy Tupolev Tu 204-300, entered line up more recently), the service is iffy, and the food sucks. So you can see why some people call Air Koryo "the one-star airline." But Mebius and air travel aficionados liken a flight on Air Koryo to reliving the golden age of air travel.

Mebius read about the vintage fleet in 2015 and booked a $1,600 aviation tour through British agency Juche Travel. After flying from Amsterdam to Beijing, he hopped an Air Koryo flight to Pyongyang. He loved it so much he returned two more times.

All told, Mebius has made 24 flights aboard 10 different kinds of aircraft, most of which were all but empty. The joyrides cost about $200 apiece, and although the aviation tourists occasionally take in the sights, the flights are the main attraction. Simply taking off felt like a grand affair. The pilot's pre-flight routine included poking the tires to ensure proper inflation. Flight attendants in dated uniforms helped passengers get settled. And then the engines started with a deafening roar. “It’s kind of scary,” Mebius says. “Add that with the noise, the dated design, and this strange communist country, and you have a party.”

Once aloft, Mebius roamed the plane with his Fuji X100T. He eventually stopped asking the flight crew if he could take their photo to get more candid shots. “To North Koreans, a good photos is when somebody is looking into a camera, posed and proud and aware of the camera," he says. "Of course, this is not what I wanted."

His quiet, sunlit images look like they were shot decades ago, adding to the sense of mystery of a country that already seems like something out of the past.
Mebius' series Dear Sky is available as a photo book on June 20.

A new book called "Dear Sky" by photographer Arthur Mebiu looks at the people and planes of Air Koryo, North Korea's state-owned national airline. Mebius shared a few photos from the book with CNN, including this image of crew disembarking after a Tupolev-134 flight.

'Dear Sky': New book puts lens on Air Koryo, North Korea's only commercial airline
Karla Cripps, CNN • Updated 12th July 2017

(CNN) — North Korea's aviation industry has long been a source of intrigue and fascination for travelers from around the world, even when the country's diplomatic hostilities aren't in the news.

Some of this curiosity is focused on Air Koryo, the state-owned national airline of the communist Democratic People's Republic of Korea. It's the country's only commercial airline and only flies to just two international destinations -- China and Russia.

Tours dedicated to North Korean aviation that arrange charter flights on some of Air Koryo's planes quickly fill up, the chance to fly in its rare Soviet-era aircraft -- some dating back to the 1960s -- too tempting for plane spotters to miss.

Among those fascinated by Air Koryo's fleet of classic Antonovs, Ilyushins and Tupolevs is photographer Arthur Mebius.

After joining an aviation-focused North Korea tour that allowed him to experience some of these places he decided to compile a book on the airline, called "Dear Sky -- The Planes and People of North Korea's Airline."

It features photographs taken during three North Korea visits.

We interviewed Mebius to find out more about his experiences creating this book.

CNN: What inspired you to create 'Dear Sky'?

Mebius: I am an aviation lover and a professional photographer. I am always working on a project to put this love for aviation in a photographic project.
When I discovered that in North Korea there is a fleet of active classic Russian jetliners, I decided to go there with my camera to shoot a series.
After a couple of days flying and shooting, it became clear to me I wanted to capture the story in a photo book. I returned two more times to North Korea to complete the series.
Due to international sanctions and environmental restrictions, this fleet of older Russian jetliners of Air Koryo rarely fly abroad. Nevertheless these aircraft and their crews are kept ready for operation.
Occasional domestic flights are all the more important for the flight attendants and pilots to practice and keep up their knowledge and skills.
It was the dedication and pride of the crew that caught my interest for the series.

Tell us a bit about Air Koryo's fleet

The fleet of Air Koryo has a total of, I believe, 15 airplanes.
Four of them are newer planes (from 90's and younger). These four -- two Tupolev 204s and two Antonov 148s -- are used for the regular international flights.
The newer planes are far more modern than the heritage ones and equivalent to what Western airlines fly today.

What are some of the most surprising things you discovered about the airline?

Given its Skytrax "one star" rating and that the heritage fleet is activated for enthusiast charters, people are led to expect poor service and old planes.
In fact, on a regular flight from Beijing, the aircraft is a new-build Tupolev or Antonov, indistinguishable from a contemporary Airbus or Boeing.
Even though the flight time is only 90 minutes, a complimentary meal is served along with hot and cold drinks (and a first taste of excellent North Korea beer) by incredibly polite and polished cabin crew.
There are some eccentric touches, such as showing variety stage performances of North Korean musical bands, complete with backdrop of military maneuvers, with the soundtrack playing through the aircraft PA. The crossing of the Yalu River into North Korean airspace is announced over the PA.

Why are aviation fans are so intrigued by Air Koryo?

North Korea is an unusual country that is fascinating to many people, and I think people are curious to see what an airline might look like in such a strange context.
Also it is famous for being the earlier mentioned "one star airline," mostly because it doesn't qualify for a rating with many key criteria such as a frequent flier program not fulfilled at all. It's nothing to do with the service or safety record, both of which are of a very high standard.

How did you gain permission to take the photographs?

During my flights in the DPRK I was part of a group of tourists with common interest in the planes.
We were allowed to take photographs of the planes. I took this opportunity carefully to take photographs of the pilots and stewardesses as well.

Have you received a reaction from North Korea?

No word from North Korea. The book is not intended to be negative in any way. It's a different aesthetic to what they're used to, so it's hard to know what they will make of it.
I showed it to someone who works as a tour guide there. They said the North Korean authorities will be like, "why aren't the people looking the camera? Why is the flight attendant so blurry?"

In light of recent events, critics say travelers are taking a big risk by heading to North Korea. Thoughts?

My experience is the North Koreans want you to come and see what they want you to see, have a good time, spend a few euros, and leave with a positive impression of their country.
They are very sensitive about how the world sees them. Visitors are briefed before the trip about do's and don'ts, like don't take pictures of locals without asking first, don't take pictures of soldiers, don't make fun of the leaders.
As it's nominally at least a communist country, there is no advertising or international brands. The cities are clean and uncongested.
For the visitor, the lack of Internet and phone signal means the group form a tight bond, without distractions from social media and smart phones buzzing on the table.
The locals I met are very kind and curious, and due to a lack of other entertainment options, they all play music and sing. It's a unique destination, and I hope to be able to go back one day.

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